LTTE founded by Vellupillai Prabhakaran.
Following years of unrest and violence, an LTTE ambush killing 13 soldiers is followed by the massacre of hundreds of Tamil civilians and the beginning of the civil war.
Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa is assassinated following failed peace talks between the government and LTTE.
Ceasefire signed between government and LTTE.
First large-scale attack by LTTE forces since the 2002 truce. This followed the assassination in August of Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lanka’s foreign minister and an ethnic Tamil opposed to a separate state solution.
Following more than two years of ongoing hostilities, the ceasefire is officially terminated.
Government forces seize control of Killinochchi, an LTTE stronghold.
Sri Lankan authorities announce the death of Prabhakaran and the formal end of the civil war.
The LLRC is appointed to investigate allegations of international war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the war.
The UN Secretary General appoints an independent team of experts to undertake research on reported violations of international law.
UN expert team publish report, highlighting credible evidence that both parties committed war crimes.
UN Human Rights Council passes third resolution against Sri Lanka and calls on the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to investigate.
Surprise electoral defeat of Mahinda Rajapaksa after almost a decade in power, replaced by Maithripala Sirisena and the NDF.